When you’ve been fired, laid off, been the victim of discrimination in the workplace or harassment in the workplace, it is very upsetting. When people experience job loss, one of the first things they look for is reliable information so they can take action to fix their situation. We at Molyneaux Law have curated these “Useful Links” so our clients and prospects have easy access to the most germane resources, including employment laws in Ontario. And, when you’re ready to hire a Hamilton employment lawyer, we are just a call or email away.
Contact us at 289.768.4399 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Employment & Labour Standards
Employment Standards Act, Ontario (ESA)
The Employment Standards Act (ESA) is a law that protects workers’ rights in Ontario. This law tells employers how to treat workers fairly. ESA has rules that employers have to follow. They tell employers what they can and can’t make you do. These include the rules about:
- The hours you work
- What the minimum wage is and how and when you get pay for overtime work
- Public holidays
- How much vacation time workers get and when you get vacation pay
- Pregnancy and parental leave
- Personal emergency leave (including sick days)Family medical leave, family caregiver leave, critically ill child care leave and crime-related child death or disappearance leave
- Termination pay
- Severance pay
It does not apply to workers in federally-regulated industries; federally regulated industries are banks; marine shipping, ferry and port services; air transportation, including airports, aerodromes and airlines. The labour rights and responsibilities of about 18,000 employers and 900,000 of their employees are defined by the Canada Labour Code. These employees account for six percent of all Canadian workers.
Ontario Employment Standards
The Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development enforces and promotes awareness of employment standards, such as minimum wage, hours of work, public holidays and other standards. This website tells you more about employees’ rights and employers’ obligations in Ontario.
Canada Labour Code
The Canada Labour Code is federal legislation (applies to all provinces and territories) to consolidate certain statutes respecting labour. The objective of the Code is to facilitate production by controlling strikes & lockouts, occupational safety and health, and some employment standards.
Benefits Canada provides Employment Insurance, pensions and benefits for housing, education, training, family and people with disabilities.
Federal Benefits Finder
Unsure if you qualify for benefits? Or, you think you qualify but are unsure of the name of the benefits program. Need help? Use this federal benefits finder to learn more.
Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC)
The mission of Employment and Social Development Canada, including the Labour Program and Service Canada, is to build a stronger and more inclusive Canada, to support Canadians in helping them live productive and rewarding lives and improving Canadians’ quality of life.
Just two of seven mandates of the ESDC are:
Developing policies that ensure Canadians can use their talents, skills and resources to participate in learning, work and their community;
Delivering programs that help Canadians move through life’s transitions, from school to work, from one job to another, from unemployment to employment, from the workforce to retirement.
Service Canada is a federal institution that is part of Employment and Social Development Canada. Service Canada provides Canadians with a single point of access to a wide range of government services and benefits including Employment Insurance benefits; Old Age Security Programs; Canada Pension Plan; Social Insurance Number; Apprenticeship Incentive Grants; Wage Earner Protection Program; and more.
Wage Earner Protection Program (WEPP)
The Wage Earner Protection Program is a Canada federal government program that provides timely payment of eligible wages owing to workers whose employer has gone bankrupt or become subject to receivership. Eligible wages under the program include salaries, commissions, vacation, termination and severance pay.
Ontario Accessibility Law (including AODA)
Ontario is the first province and one of the first jurisdictions in the world to enact specific legislation establishing a goal and time-frame for accessibility. It is also the first jurisdiction to legislate accessibility reporting and to establish standards so people with disabilities can participate more actively in their communities.
Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (ADOA)
The Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act is a law that sets out a process for developing and enforcing accessibility standards. Persons with disabilities and industry representatives work together with the government to develop the standards. Enacted into legislation in 2005, the goal is to have Ontario fully accessible by people with disabilities by 2025.
Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC)
The Ontario Human Rights Commission was established as an arm’s length agency of government in 1961 to prevent discrimination and to promote and advance human rights in Ontario. The OHRC is one pillar of Ontario’s human rights system, alongside the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (HRTO) and the Human Rights Legal Support Centre (HRLSC).
Ontario Human Rights Code
The Ontario Human Rights Code is a law in the Canadian province of Ontario that gives all people equal rights and opportunities without discrimination in specific areas such as housing and services. The goal of the Code is to provide for equal rights so as to create a climate of respect where everyone feels part of the community and can contribute fully. The Code says people with disabilities must be free from discrimination where they work, live, and receive services, and their needs must be accommodated.
Canadian Human Rights Commission (CHRC)
The Commission is mandated to conduct investigations on human rights violations against marginalized and vulnerable sectors of society, involving civil and political rights. CHRC is an “A” accredited NHRI, fully complying with the Paris Principles adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1995.
Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (HRTO)
The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal is a special administrative tribunal established in 1977 through the Canadian Human Rights Act. It is directly funded by the Parliament of Canada and is independent of the Canadian Human Rights Commission, which refers cases to it for adjudication under the Act.
Occupational Health and Safety
Ontario Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development
The main purpose of the Act is to protect workers from health and safety hazards on the job. It sets out duties for all workplace parties and rights for workers. It establishes procedures for dealing with workplace hazards and provides for enforcement of the law where compliance has not been achieved voluntarily.
Occupational Health and Safety Act
The Ontario Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development enforces the Occupational Health and Safety Act. Workers have three basic rights under the Act:
- Right to refuse unsafe work.
- Right to participate in the workplace health and safety activities through the Health and Safety Committee (HSC) or as a worker health and safety representative.
- Right to know, or the right to be informed about, actual and potential dangers in the workplace.
Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB)
The Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) is an agency of the government of Ontario that administers the workplace safety and insurance system in accordance with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997. The WSIB’s mandate is to:
- Promote workplace health and safety
- Help injured workers return to work, recover and re-enter into the labour market
- Provide compensation and other benefits to injured workers and their survivors
Employment Insurance (EI) Canada
EI, for Employees
For employees, how to apply for Employment Insurance benefits, submit your EI report, apply for direct deposit, and more.
EI, for Employers
For employers, produce your Records of Employment (ROE), view the Employment Insurance Premium Reduction Guide, and more.